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Top 10 Epic Activities in Greenland: Hike, Kayak, Explore!

Welcome to Greenland, a land of raw, untamed beauty situated in the heart of the Arctic. As the world’s largest island, Greenland boasts an awe-inspiring landscape dominated by vast ice sheets, towering glaciers, and rugged fjords. Its remote location offers intrepid travelers a chance to escape the ordinary and embark on extraordinary adventures amidst breathtaking surroundings.

Discover Greenland’s Untamed Wilderness

Greenland’s unique geography sets the stage for an array of unforgettable experiences. For adventure seekers craving excitement and exploration, this icy paradise offers a playground like no other.

Target Audience: Adventure Travelers

This guide is tailor-made for those with a thirst for adrenaline and a desire to immerse themselves in the great outdoors. Whether you’re an avid hiker, a fearless explorer, or simply seeking a once-in-a-lifetime adventure, Greenland has something to offer for every type of thrill-seeker.

Purpose of the Article: Explore Top Activities

In this article, we’ll delve into the top 10 epic activities that showcase Greenland’s natural wonders and provide unparalleled opportunities for adventure. From hiking through remote valleys to dog sledding across frozen tundra, each experience promises to be a journey of discovery and exhilaration.

So buckle up and prepare to embark on an unforgettable expedition through Greenland’s untamed wilderness. Whether you’re seeking heart-pounding thrills or quiet moments of reflection amidst nature’s grandeur, the wonders of Greenland await.


Top 10 Epic Activities


When it comes to exploring Greenland’s breathtaking landscapes, hiking is an adventure seeker’s dream. From multi-day treks to shorter excursions, there’s something for every level of explorer.

Hiking the Arctic Circle Trail

  • Multi-Day Trek: Embark on a journey along the iconic Arctic Circle Trail, spanning approximately 100 miles from Kangerlussuaq to Sisimiut.
  • Stunning Scenery: Traverse through diverse terrain, including vast tundra, rocky mountains, and tranquil lakes, while soaking in panoramic views of Greenland’s pristine wilderness.

Exploring the Colorful Nuuk Area

  • Shorter Hikes: Discover the vibrant capital city of Nuuk and its surrounding areas through a series of shorter hikes.
  • Unique Flora: Encounter a rich diversity of flora and fauna, from wildflowers blooming in summer to the vibrant hues of autumn foliage.

Ice Cap Adventures

  • Guided Tours: Join experienced guides on thrilling expeditions to Greenland’s massive ice cap, one of the largest in the world.
  • Incredible Views: Marvel at the surreal beauty of the ice cap’s frozen expanse, dotted with towering icebergs and sparkling glacial formations.


Kayaking in Greenland offers a unique opportunity to immerse yourself in the pristine beauty of its Arctic waters. Whether you’re navigating glaciers and icebergs or paddling through serene fjords, each experience promises adventure and awe-inspiring scenery.

Navigating Glaciers and Icebergs

  • Unforgettable Experience: Glide through crystal-clear waters amidst towering glaciers and massive icebergs, feeling the sheer magnitude of Greenland’s icy landscapes.
  • Safety Precautions: Before embarking on your kayaking adventure, ensure you’re equipped with appropriate gear and knowledge of safety procedures to navigate safely through icy waters.

Paddling Through Pristine Fjords

  • Calm Waters: Explore Greenland’s picturesque fjords, characterized by tranquil waters and dramatic cliffs, providing the perfect setting for a peaceful kayaking journey.
  • Wildlife Viewing: Keep an eye out for wildlife such as seals, whales, and seabirds as you paddle along the fjords, offering unique opportunities for wildlife encounters.

Exploring the Turquoise Waters of the Blue River

  • Unique Glacial Meltwater River: Venture into the surreal beauty of the Blue River, a stunning glacial meltwater river renowned for its mesmerizing turquoise hue.
  • Natural Wonders: Marvel at the contrast between the vibrant blue waters and the surrounding ice-capped mountains, creating a magical landscape that’s perfect for kayaking enthusiasts.

Dog Sledding: A Winter Adventure

Dog sledding in Greenland offers an exhilarating way to experience the Arctic wilderness, immersing yourself in the ancient tradition of Inuit transportation while exploring frozen landscapes with friendly huskies. From short excursions to multi-day expeditions, there’s a dog sledding experience for every level of adventurer.

Experiencing Traditional Inuit Transportation

  • Historical Significance: Dog sledding has been a vital mode of transportation for the Inuit people for centuries, allowing them to traverse vast distances across the Arctic terrain.
  • Cultural Immersion: By participating in dog sledding, you’ll gain insight into the rich cultural heritage of the Inuit and their close relationship with sled dogs.

Exploring Frozen Landscapes with Friendly Huskies

  • Bonding with Huskies: Meet and bond with the loyal and energetic sled dogs, who are not only your mode of transportation but also your companions on this unforgettable journey.
  • Breathtaking Scenery: Glide across frozen lakes, through snow-covered forests, and beneath towering mountains, soaking in the pristine beauty of Greenland’s winter wonderland.

Multi-Day Dog Sledding Expeditions

  • Advanced Tours: For those seeking a more immersive experience, multi-day dog sledding expeditions offer the opportunity to venture deep into the Arctic wilderness.
  • Wilderness Camping: Camp under the starry Arctic sky, surrounded by silence and serenity, as you embark on an epic journey through some of the most remote and untouched landscapes on Earth.

Wildlife Watching: Embrace Nature’s Wonders

Greenland’s vast and untouched wilderness offers incredible opportunities for wildlife enthusiasts to witness some of the planet’s most majestic creatures in their natural habitats. From mighty whales to elusive polar bears, and a plethora of fascinating bird species, wildlife watching in Greenland is an experience like no other.

Spotting Humpback and Minke Whales

  • Boat Tours: Join a guided boat tour and venture into Greenland’s coastal waters for a chance to encounter humpback and minke whales breaching the surface.
  • Best Summer Months: The summer months, particularly from June to August, offer the best chances to witness these magnificent marine mammals as they migrate through Greenland’s rich feeding grounds.

Catching a Glimpse of Majestic Polar Bears

  • Northern Regions: Head to Greenland’s remote northern regions, such as Qaanaaq and Ittoqqortoormiit, known for their polar bear populations.
  • Boat Tours: Embark on specialized boat tours led by experienced guides, providing a safe and responsible way to observe polar bears in their natural Arctic habitat.

Birdwatching Opportunities

  • Puffins, Arctic Terns, Snowy Owls: Greenland is home to a diverse array of bird species, including charismatic puffins, graceful arctic terns, and majestic snowy owls.
  • Coastal Cliffs and Tundra: Explore coastal cliffs and tundra habitats where these birds nest and forage, offering fantastic opportunities for birdwatching and photography.

Boat Tours: Exploring Greenland’s Maritime Marvels

Greenland’s rugged coastline is a playground for adventurers, offering unparalleled opportunities for exploration and discovery by boat. From cruising majestic ice fjords to navigating through iceberg-filled bays, boat tours in Greenland promise unforgettable experiences amidst some of the most breathtaking scenery on Earth.

Cruising the Majestic Ilulissat Icefjord

  • UNESCO World Heritage Site: The Ilulissat Icefjord, located on the west coast of Greenland, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site renowned for its dramatic landscapes and colossal icebergs.
  • Spectacular Glacial Views: Embark on a boat tour and marvel at the towering icebergs calving from the Sermeq Kujalleq glacier, one of the fastest-moving glaciers in the world.

Exploring Disko Bay’s Countless Icebergs

  • Stunning Scenery: Disko Bay, near the town of Ilulissat, is a haven for iceberg enthusiasts, with its countless icebergs floating gracefully in the frigid waters.
  • Close Encounters with Ice: Cruise among the icebergs, getting up close to these natural wonders and witnessing their ever-changing shapes and hues.

Sailing the Pristine Waters of the Countless Fjords

  • Natural Splendor: Greenland’s countless fjords offer endless opportunities for scenic boat tours, with their steep cliffs, cascading waterfalls, and tranquil waters.
  • Remote Exploration: Venture into remote fjords, accessible only by boat, and immerse yourself in the untouched beauty of Greenland’s wilderness.

Hot Spring Hunting: Discovering Greenland’s Geothermal Gems

In the icy realm of Greenland, hidden among its rugged landscapes, lie natural geothermal pools waiting to be discovered. Hot spring hunting offers a unique Arctic experience, where travelers can indulge in a relaxing soak amidst the wilderness.

Seeking Out Natural Geothermal Pools for a Relaxing Soak

  • Hidden Treasures: Explore Greenland’s remote regions to uncover hidden hot springs nestled amid snow-capped mountains and glacial valleys.
  • Thermal Oasis: Immerse yourself in the warm, mineral-rich waters of these natural geothermal pools, surrounded by the pristine beauty of the Arctic wilderness.

Unique Arctic Experience

  • Contrast of Elements: Experience the stark contrast between the chilly Arctic air and the comforting warmth of the hot springs, creating a truly unique and invigorating sensation.
  • Scenic Serenity: Enjoy breathtaking views of Greenland’s untouched landscapes while soaking in the tranquil ambiance of these secluded hot springs.

Safety Precautions for Finding and Entering Hot Springs

  • Local Knowledge: Seek guidance from locals or experienced guides who are familiar with the terrain and can help you locate safe and accessible hot springs.
  • Test the Waters: Before entering, test the temperature of the hot spring to ensure it’s comfortable and safe for soaking, as water temperatures can vary.
  • Mind Your Surroundings: Be mindful of your surroundings and take caution when navigating icy or rocky terrain near the hot springs to prevent accidents.

Camping Under the Midnight Sun: Embracing Greenland’s Endless Daylight

Experience the surreal phenomenon of the midnight sun while camping in Greenland during the summer months. Immerse yourself in breathtaking scenery and take advantage of unique opportunities for night hikes and photography.

Experiencing the Surreal Phenomenon

  • Endless Daylight: During Greenland’s summer months, the sun remains visible 24 hours a day, creating an otherworldly atmosphere where the distinction between night and day fades away.
  • Uninterrupted Adventure: With no darkness to signal the end of the day, campers can extend their outdoor adventures well into the night, seizing every moment of the endless daylight.

Breathtaking Scenery

  • Arctic Wilderness: Camp amidst Greenland’s pristine wilderness, surrounded by towering mountains, sparkling fjords, and vast expanses of untouched tundra.
  • Spectacular Sunsets and Sunrises: Witness stunning sunsets that melt into sunrises, painting the sky with vibrant hues of pink, orange, and purple, creating a magical backdrop for your camping experience.

Opportunities for Night Hikes/Photography

  • Exploring Under the Midnight Sun: Take advantage of the unique opportunity to embark on night hikes under the warm glow of the midnight sun, exploring the landscape in a whole new light.
  • Capturing the Moment: Set up your camera and capture the ethereal beauty of the Arctic landscape bathed in the soft, golden light of the midnight sun, creating unforgettable memories to cherish forever.

Backcountry Skiing & Snowboarding: Embracing Greenland’s Winter Wonderland

Discover the thrill of backcountry skiing and snowboarding amidst Greenland’s pristine winter landscapes. With untouched powder snow and stunning glacial vistas, it’s a paradise for experienced skiers and snowboarders seeking adventure beyond the groomed slopes.

Untouched Powder Snow and Stunning Glacial Landscapes

  • Winter Wonderland: Greenland’s vast wilderness offers endless opportunities for backcountry skiing and snowboarding, with untouched powder snow covering rugged mountains and glaciers.
  • Spectacular Scenery: Marvel at the breathtaking vistas of towering peaks, deep valleys, and sparkling glaciers, creating a backdrop of unparalleled beauty for your winter adventures.

For Experienced Skiers/Snowboarders

  • Skill and Experience Required: Backcountry skiing and snowboarding in Greenland are best suited for experienced individuals with strong skiing or snowboarding skills and knowledge of avalanche safety.
  • Challenging Terrain: Navigate through challenging terrain, including steep slopes, narrow couloirs, and variable snow conditions, requiring advanced skiing or snowboarding techniques.

Guided Backcountry Tours Available with Safety Briefings

  • Expert Guidance: Join guided backcountry tours led by experienced local guides who are familiar with the terrain and can provide valuable insights into safety precautions and avalanche awareness.
  • Safety Briefings: Before venturing into the backcountry, participants receive comprehensive safety briefings, including information on avalanche risk, route selection, and emergency procedures.

Sailing the Disko Bay: Exploring Greenland’s Majestic Fjords

Embark on a multi-day sailing adventure through Disko Bay, home to the largest fjord system in the world. Experience the thrill of spotting a variety of marine life, including whales and seals, while exploring remote islands and witnessing the untamed beauty of Greenland’s coastal landscapes.

Multi-Day Sailing Expeditions

  • Immersive Experience: Join multi-day sailing expeditions that offer a unique opportunity to explore Disko Bay’s expansive fjord system at a leisurely pace, allowing you to fully immerse yourself in the stunning surroundings.
  • Tranquil Waters: Glide through calm waters bordered by towering cliffs and glaciers, with each day bringing new discoveries and breathtaking vistas.

Spotting a Variety of Marine Life

  • Whale Watching: Keep a lookout for majestic whales, including humpbacks and minkes, as they breach the surface of the water or dive gracefully beneath the waves.
  • Seal Encounters: Catch glimpses of curious seals basking on ice floes or swimming playfully in the bay, adding to the excitement of your sailing adventure.

Exploring Remote Islands

  • Island Exploration: Venture ashore to explore remote islands scattered throughout Disko Bay, where you can hike rugged trails, visit ancient settlements, and marvel at geological formations shaped by millennia of natural forces.
  • Untouched Wilderness: Experience the serenity of untouched wilderness as you wander through pristine landscapes, far removed from the hustle and bustle of modern life.

Ice Core Drilling & Research: Contributing to Climate Science

Participate in citizen science expeditions to collect ice cores in Greenland, offering an educational and unique opportunity to contribute to scientific research and learn about climate change.

Participating in Citizen Science Expeditions

  • Hands-On Experience: Join expert-led expeditions to remote regions of Greenland, where you’ll learn the art of ice core drilling and actively participate in collecting samples from ancient ice formations.
  • Educational Opportunity: Gain firsthand insight into the scientific process of studying ice cores, including their importance in understanding past climate variations and predicting future climate trends.

Learning About Climate Change

  • Environmental Education: Engage in discussions and workshops led by climate scientists, who will provide context and insights into the significance of ice core research in unraveling the complexities of climate change.
  • Real-World Impact: Understand how your participation directly contributes to advancing scientific knowledge and informs strategies for mitigating the impacts of climate change on a global scale.

Educational and Unique Opportunity

  • Limited Availability: Due to the specialized nature of ice core drilling expeditions, opportunities to participate are limited and highly sought after.
  • Once-in-a-Lifetime Experience: Seize the chance to embark on a once-in-a-lifetime adventure, immersing yourself in the pristine Arctic environment while making a meaningful contribution to scientific research.

Expanding Your Greenland Adventure

Expand your Greenland adventure beyond the usual activities and delve into unique experiences that showcase the diverse wonders of this Arctic paradise.

Northern Lights: Witnessing the Aurora Borealis

  • Natural Spectacle: Marvel at the breathtaking display of the Northern Lights illuminating the night sky with vibrant hues of green, pink, and purple.
  • Astrophotography Opportunities: Capture stunning photographs of the Aurora Borealis dancing above Greenland’s pristine landscapes, creating unforgettable memories.

Ice Climbing: Challenging Yet Rewarding Activity

  • Thrilling Challenge: Test your skills and endurance with ice climbing, tackling frozen waterfalls and towering ice walls amidst Greenland’s majestic scenery.
  • Guided Tours Available: Join guided ice climbing tours led by experienced instructors who provide safety gear and instruction, ensuring a rewarding and memorable experience.

Fishing: Freshwater and Saltwater Options

  • Abundant Waters: Cast your line into Greenland’s rich fishing grounds, where you can reel in arctic char, cod, halibut, and other prized catches.
  • Diverse Environments: Choose between freshwater rivers teeming with fish or venture into the saltwater fjords for a chance to hook a big catch.

Off-Road Adventures: Exploring Glaciers and Remote Areas

  • ATVs and Snowmobiles: Embark on adrenaline-pumping off-road adventures, traversing rugged terrain and exploring glaciers and remote areas inaccessible by other means.
  • Seasonal Exploration: Ride ATVs in summer or snowmobiles in winter, experiencing Greenland’s landscapes in their ever-changing beauty.

Cultural Immersion: Participating in Local Festivals

  • Traditional Crafts: Immerse yourself in Greenlandic culture by participating in local festivals and learning traditional crafts such as skin sewing and kayak building.
  • Community Engagement: Connect with local communities, gaining insights into their way of life, traditions, and rich cultural heritage.

Planning Your Greenland Adventure

Prepare for your Greenland adventure with essential information on the best time to visit, visa requirements, travel logistics, and selecting the right tours and activities based on your interests and fitness level.

Best Time to Visit

  • Summer: Ideal for outdoor activities like hiking and kayaking amidst the mild temperatures and extended daylight hours.
  • Winter: Perfect for experiencing dog sledding adventures and witnessing the mesmerizing Northern Lights against the dark Arctic sky.

Visa Requirements and Travel Logistics

  • Visa: Check visa requirements based on your nationality before planning your trip to Greenland.
  • Travel Logistics: Arrange transportation to Greenland via flights or cruises, ensuring you have necessary documents and accommodations booked in advance.

Choosing the Right Tours and Activities

  • Interests: Consider your interests, whether it’s adventure sports, wildlife watching, cultural immersion, or photography.
  • Fitness Level: Evaluate your fitness level and choose activities that match your capabilities, whether it’s strenuous hikes or leisurely boat tours.

Safety and Packing Tips

Ensure a safe and enjoyable adventure in Greenland with these essential safety and packing tips, covering everything from outdoor gear to navigating glaciers and encountering wildlife.

Essential Gear for Outdoor Activities

  • Warm Clothing: Pack layers to stay warm in Greenland’s unpredictable weather, including thermal base layers, fleece jackets, and insulated outerwear.
  • Waterproof Layers: Protect yourself from rain and snow with waterproof jackets, pants, and gloves to stay dry and comfortable.
  • Sturdy Boots: Choose sturdy, waterproof boots with good traction for hiking and exploring rugged terrain.

Importance of Following Safety Guidelines

  • Glacier Exploration: When exploring glaciers and remote areas, always follow safety guidelines provided by experienced guides, including roped travel and avoiding crevasse zones.
  • Remote Areas: Stay on designated trails and inform others about your plans when venturing into remote areas to ensure your safety.

General Safety Precautions

  • Weather Awareness: Be prepared for sudden weather changes in Greenland by checking forecasts and carrying essential gear like extra layers and emergency shelter.
  • Wildlife Encounters: Respect wildlife and maintain a safe distance when encountering animals like polar bears, musk oxen, and Arctic foxes. Carry bear spray or deterrents when hiking in bear country.


Greenland offers a plethora of unique experiences for adventurous travelers, from breathtaking natural wonders to thrilling outdoor activities. Here’s a brief recap of the top 10 activities and the unparalleled adventures awaiting you in Greenland:

  • Hiking: Explore the Arctic Circle Trail, colorful Nuuk area, and stunning ice cap landscapes.
  • Kayaking: Navigate glaciers, fjords, and the Blue River for an unforgettable aquatic adventure.
  • Dog Sledding: Experience traditional Inuit transportation and multi-day expeditions through frozen landscapes.
  • Wildlife Watching: Spot humpback whales, polar bears, and a variety of birds in their natural habitats.
  • Boat Tours: Cruise the majestic Ilulissat Icefjord, explore Disko Bay’s icebergs, and sail through Greenland’s pristine fjords.
  • Hot Spring Hunting: Seek out natural geothermal pools for a relaxing soak and unique Arctic experience.
  • Camping Under the Midnight Sun: Witness the surreal phenomenon of the midnight sun and explore under its perpetual daylight.
  • Backcountry Skiing & Snowboarding: Conquer untouched powder snow and stunning glacial landscapes with guided tours.
  • Ice Core Drilling & Research: Participate in citizen science expeditions to collect ice cores and learn about climate change firsthand.
  • Expanding Your Greenland Adventure: Engage in cultural immersion, off-road adventures, fishing, and more to make the most of your Greenlandic experience.

Explore Greenland Today!

Don’t miss the opportunity to explore Greenland and immerse yourself in its beauty and adventure. Whether you’re seeking adrenaline-pumping activities or serene natural landscapes, Greenland has something to offer every traveler. Plan your trip, pack your bags, and embark on a journey to discover the wonders of Greenland firsthand!


Is Greenland safe to visit? Yes, with proper precautions and following tour guide instructions.

What currency is used in Greenland? Danish Krone.

What languages are spoken in Greenland? Greenlandic and Danish.

Do I need a special permit for hiking/kayaking? It depends on the specific activity and location.

What are some traditional Greenlandic foods to try? Suaasat (seal meat), Mattak (whale skin), Musk Ox.


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